The field includes many specialties, she said. Among them are artificial intelligence engineering, software engineering, information technology, cybersecurity, robotics computing, multimedia technology, bioinformatics, and smart systems. Other specialties include big data analytics, embedded systems, the Internet of Things, cloud computing, super computing, and video game programming.
Badr explained that Ain Shams University’s Faculty of Computer and Information Sciences, for example, offers six distinct programmes in computing, in partnership with the University of East London. Graduates of these programmes obtain a double certificate that qualifies them for the Egyptian and international labour markets.
Badr stressed the importance of robotics, a new programme in many Egyptian universities. The programmes train students in the hardware and software of various robotic systems and prepare them to put theoretical knowledge into practice to produce intelligent software applications on a large scale. The programmes also provide students with the basics of creating and programming robots that can intelligently interact with different operating environments and perform basic tasks, including navigation and decision-making.
Graduates of many types of engineering programmes are also in high demand in the labour market, said Mahmoud Abdrabou, acting president of Zewail City of Science, Technology, and Innovation.
Some of the fields most in demand are construction engineering and specialised construction, electronics and communications engineering, renewed and sustainable energy, materials engineering and manufacturing, mechatronics and industrial automation, robotics, environmental architecture and building technology, architectural design, and digital architecture.
Abdrabou told Al-Fanar Media that students who want to study engineering should choose a well-known university whose programmes offer highly qualified professors and practical training opportunities. They should also make sure that the institution they are about to join has obtained accreditation and certifications of its academic quality, he said.
Space Sciences, Communications and Navigation
The world benefits greatly from space technology, particularly in terms of strengthening communication infrastructures, managing disasters, protecting the environment, and managing natural resources.
Universities in some Arab countries, including the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, have seen increasing student interest in space studies, particularly after the international attention gained by the Emirati programme that put a spacecraft into orbit around Mars.
This field includes three main study programmes: astronautics, space sciences, and space communications. Graduates will find job opportunities in many areas.