From the first message ever sent to access in India, all you need to know





The first exchange of messages over the network was to programmer Bill Duvall of the Stanford Research Institute by UCLA professor Leonard Kleinrock and his student and programmer Charley Cline.

International Internet Day 2021: From the first message ever sent to access in India, everything you need to know

Representative image. Reuters

International Internet Day is celebrated annually on October 29. The day commemorates the anniversary of the first message sent between two computers on October 29, 1969 via ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet. Since then, technology has become an indispensable part of our lives.

The first exchange of messages over the network was to programmer Bill Duvall of the Stanford Research Institute by UCLA professor Leonard Kleinrock and his student and programmer Charley Cline. The duo tried to send the word “login” as the first message. However, the system crashed after they wrote the letters l and o, causing the very first message sent on the network to be the word “lo”.
The word “login” was sent by the programmers an hour later.

Since then, the internet has changed our lives in monumental ways, making it unthinkable to imagine a world without it. From smartphones and social media to cybersecurity, the network is everywhere.

This International Internet Day, here’s a look at internet access and speed in India:

― The number of active internet users in the country is expected to increase by 45 percent between 2020 and 2025, resulting in 900 million active internet users in the country, according to news reports. The spike in users will mainly be caused by increased consumption in rural India.

― Internet penetration is highest in Maharashtra, Goa and Kerala while it is lowest in Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

― Of the active internet users in the country, about nine in ten access the network daily and spend an average of 107 minutes on it.

― While there is a gap in internet infrastructure between rural and urban parts of the country, the ratio of female to male active internet users in both rural and urban India is about the same. In urban India, 43 percent of active internet users are women and 57 percent are men. In rural India, the ratio of active internet users is 42 percent female and 58 percent male users.

― India ranks 122nd worldwide in mobile internet download speed according to data obtained in July this year. The country’s mobile download speed was 17.77 Mbps and upload speed was 5.09 Mbps, with a latency in mobile internet of 47 ms. The speeds are in stark contrast to the global average of 56.74 Mbps and the global upload speed of 12.61 Mbps.

― In terms of fixed internet speed, India ranks 68e, with an upload speed of 56.47 Mbps and a download speed of 60.06 Mbps.

― In addition, about 96 percent of users in India use the Internet for entertainment purposes while 82 percent use it to access social media platforms. About 90 percent use it to communicate with others, while about 45 percent use the network for online transactions.




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